Before properly discussing the proper classification of Drugs it is very necessary to know about the proper definition of Drugs. In the vast filed of medical sciences there are different meanings of the word “drug”, with regard to medicinal usage and medical practice of various professionals, government and illegal drug abuse. However, a drug may be defined as follows:
“A drug is any chemical substance which has direct or indirect effecton the central nervous system (CNS), human structural or chemical changes or physiological functions.” It must be noted that most of the classification of Drugs is based upon this definition.
Dictionary.com defines a drug as follows:
“Classification of Drugs a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well-being.”
However, before discussing the proper classification of Drugs,it must be noted that drugs can only be used by a patient if these are prescribed by medical professional, physician or pharmacist. Furthermore the recommendation of drugs is always for a limited time or their use on a regular basis can only be recommended for chronic medical conditions.
Along with these authorized Drugs and their proper recommendation, there are also the street drugs which are also known as Recreational drugs. These are the drugs that directly affect the brain chemistry altering the human behavior. After that brief and concise definition let us see how drugs are classified.
Classification of Drugs
Classification of Drugs can be summed up in many ways but the most popular technique is to categorize them with accordance to their chemical nature and physical impacts. To be more precise, the comprehensive definition can be thatClassification of Drugscan be carried out by a drug’s chemical activity or by the physical condition of a patient that is treated with the help of this drug.
Popular chemical Classification of Drugs may include the following:
Additionally, the DEA legally put forward Classification of Drugs consists of the schedules I, II, III, IV, and V.
Regulated by the Controlled Substances Act, Classification of Drugs with accordance to the nature of abuse and dependency may be summed up as:
- Anabolic steroids
All of thisClassification of Drugs is accepted and acted upon by various authorities around the globe. Moreover, usageof these drugs can be connected with the following factors:
- Cannabis-induced psychosis,
- Social problems like stigma,
- Occupational difficulties,
- Physical condition,
- Mental health,
- Patient’s personal complications,
- Financial problems,
- Legal problems.
According to the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA),further Classification of Drugs may be in the following forms:
- Stimulants (amphetamines, caffeine, nicotine and cocaine)
- Depressants (opiates and opioids, alcohol, barbiturates, tranquilizers and benzodiazepines)
Top Abused Drugs
As you may have noted that depending upon the usage the Classification of Drugs may vary from each other with minute difference but the basic Classification of Drugs will always remain the same. In the same manner some other Highly Addictive Drugs may further be classified as:
- Nicotine and tobacco
- Crack and Cocaine
- OxyContin (a respiratory depressant)
- Ecstasy and Club Drugs
- Date Rape Drugs
Commonly Abuse Prescription Drugs
In the same manner we can also sum up the Classification of Drugsunder commonly abuse prescription Drugs with accordance to Jon D. Johnson, PD, MBA Vol. II No. 3 June/July 1998, as follows:
- Lorazepam (Ativan)
- Propoxyphene, Propacet,Darvocet
- Temazepam (Restoril)
- Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
- Hydrocodone Combinations: Vicodin, Lorcet, Lortab, etc.
- Oxycodone Derivatives: Percodan, Percocet, Tylox, Roxicet, etc.
- Codeine Combinations
- Alprazolam (Xanax)
- Diazepam (Valium)
You may have heard of drugs which are being referred to as “Schedule 4” or some other schedule rather than classification. Well, it is due to the Controlled Substances Act of 1990 which was set up according to the Legal Classification of Drugs based on their abusive usage. The following is a comprehensive list of such drugs:
No known medical use due to Lack of Safety
Seldom medical use due to high dependency risk
Lower abuse level and medical use on moderate level of dependency risk
High medical use due to very much limited dependency risk
Small extent problem
It must be noted that dependency risk is only associated with the habit forming abusive drugs and not all the drugs fall under tis definition when categorizing the Classification of Drugs.