Before coming towards the treatment of Acne through prescription acne medication for adults, we must know the cases of Acne in adults.
Acne is a skin problem due to the oil glands at the roots of hair follicles. Normally Acne affects 3 in every 4 people from the age of 14 to 35 years. Though not dangerous, it can leave ugly scars and noticeable spots on the skin. It can be easily treated with the help of various prescription acne medications for adults; however, the treatment depends upon how severe the condition is.
There are also involved some risk factors while using the prescription acne medications for adults which may include severe side effects or allergic reactions. Main reasons for Acne problems are hot and humid climates, pregnancy, hormonal changes and the extensive use of oil-based beauty products. In most of the youngsters this problem may persist and get worse due to squeezing of pimples.
How does Acne Medications Work?
The mode of action of various Acne medications is a bit similar to some extent, as almost all of this work by minimizing or totally reducing the oily secretions of skin. Most of such medicines enhance the overall skin turnover. Nearly all such various prescription acne medications for adults fight the bacterial infection on the skin surface penetrating deep inside. Various prescription acne medications for adults also reduce skin inflammation in order to prevent scars and spots.
When are prescription acne medications for adults recommended?
Most studies of prescription acne medications for adults have involved people 18 years of age or older. But it is also a fact that younger children even of the age 12 are getting acne very effectively these days due to various factors, most of which are hormonal. It is highly recommended that if a child of age 12 or less than that has acne; his parents should immediately consult a pediatric dermatologist.
However the overall treatment and recommendation of prescription acne medications for adults depends upon the severity and persistency of the acne. Some commonly used prescription acne medications for adults are as follows:
A vast range of steroidal and non-steroidal gels and creams is easily available to treat acne, and many are effective. These are normally used to treat mild acne problems. Some other over-the-counter (OTC) medications include medicated soaps, creams and lotion for surface area infection of skin.
These prescription acne medications for adults the following active ingredients:
- Benzoyl peroxide
- Salicylic acid
- Azelaic acid
It is highly recommended to start with the lowest potency of this prescription acne medications for adults. In case of sensitive skin some prescription acne medications for adults may cause skin redness, or burning sensation if used for the first time.
Moderate to Severe Acne
- A skin specialist may recommend the following prescription acne medications for adults:
- Corticosteroid injection
- Oral antibiotics
- Erythromycin and tetracycline
- Topical antimicrobials
Adverse effects of prescription acne medications for adults may include:
- dry skin
- dry lips
- fetal abnormalities if used during pregnancy
- Mood swings.
In the same way Oral contraceptives may have the following effects and may not be suitable for women who have:
- a blood-clotting disorder
- history of migraines
- are over 35 years old
Before using any of the prescription acne medications for adults, it is important to check with a gynecologist first.
Patients who take isotretinoin must avoid vitamin A supplements, as these could lead to vitamin A toxicity.