These small blood-sucking arthropods cause a lot of trouble on vacation, and it is not immediately possible to detect them. A tick bite can cause Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tick-borne encephalitis, and even tularemia (an infection caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis).
Tick protection options
According to the doctor of the department of infectious diseases NIAID Malich Ilias, the best protection against ticks is considered to be the observance of the simplest preventive measures. That is, it is important to prevent mites from getting on the skin. This can be done by wearing clothing that covers the arms and legs in areas where parasites live. It is advisable to add to the protective clothing the periodic use in nature of means of protection against ticks and other insects. Apply them to the skin according to the directions on the label.
Doctor-therapist of the medical center “ON Clinic Kharkov” Irina Oleinik says:
“To protect yourself from ticks, wear hats, tuck your pants into your socks, and choose light-colored clothing without holes so that ticks have no access to exposed areas of the body. Stay in the middle of the path when you are in a forested area: ticks are less likely here (ticks usually remain in shrubs and tall grass). “
It is a mistake to think that ticks only love grass or shrubs. Being near trees can also easily leave a tick on your body, most often on your hair. To prevent this from happening, wear a cap, panama hat, or tie your hair back. Also, remember to apply the mite repellent to your face (spray on your hands, then use your fingers to apply the liquid to the forehead and temples and neck).
After relaxing in green spaces, be sure to shower, change your clothes, and check yourself and your family for ticks. The area of the head, neck, armpits, back and groin requires special attention. Andrea Gaito, MD, rheumatologist and Lyme disease specialist from Basking Ridge, NJ, states that the bra line is the favorite spot for mites in women. Therefore, you need to check it first.
Even your pet can bring a tick home. Before you go for a walk with him, do not forget to use special anti-tick and flea remedies for animals. Get in the habit of checking your pets for ticks on a regular basis (after every walk).
If you find a tick on yourself or on someone close to you, the main thing is not to panic. In this case, it is better to immediately seek help from a doctor, if there is such an opportunity, than to try to extract it yourself with the help of improvised means. In no case should you pull out the tick with tweezers or in other ways: you can only tear off the body, leaving the head deep in the skin. This will lead to the appearance of inflammatory processes on the skin and long-term treatment.
Oksana Mostovaya, a dermatovenerologist at the ON Clinic Mariupol medical center, advises:
“If you find a tick, disinfect the bite site. Alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, or chlorhexidine will do. After that, go to the doctor so that he removes the parasite, treats the wound and sends the tick for analysis to make sure that you are not threatened by tick-borne encephalitis and other diseases that may be carried by an uninvited guest. “
Sometimes a tick can fall off on its own due to insufficient adhesion to human skin (it can be accidentally caught with a washcloth in the shower or with items of clothing). An insect bite is evidenced by a spot (usually round) with uneven edges. Sometimes itching, rash, or swelling appears at the site of the bite. In this case, it is necessary to disinfect the wound and consult a dermatologist. Especially, it is suitable for allergy sufferers, children and people of the age. They may experience a strong allergic reaction to a tick bite, which only a doctor can eliminate. Typically, the patient is prescribed antihistamines.
In the warm season, you need to keep your finger on the pulse and remember: ticks do not just live in remote forests, forest belts or in the grass. They can be brought home even from the street, walking in front of the house. Be careful not to let mites live on your body!