How to tame summer?
Paradoxically, many people get sick in the summer. Moreover, it seems that diseases come out of nowhere. However, if you look closely, it is we who are the heroes of their celebration. I want to talk about the most striking summer diseases. Informed means armed.
The sun is shining brightly and ..
In the heat, instead of laughing and feeling good, it’s easy to get sunburn or heat knockout. “Suddenly it will carry” does not work if you want to sunbathe in the very heat without protective equipment at least 15 SPF, walk around the city on foot or dig deeper into the ground without a hat. Try to be out in the sun until about 11 pm and after 4 pm. Also remember to shower daily and moisturize your skin.
Svetlana Pankova, dermatologist of the ON Clinic Dnipro medical center, notes:
Sunburn and prolonged exposure to the sun provoke pigmentation on the face and body, the degeneration of moles. Any change is a reason to consult a dermatologist. Watch yourself and react in time. “
And the intestines are … upset
In hot weather, wash your hands more often, not only before eating or after going to the toilet, but also while preparing food. Kebab and garden vegetable season can easily turn into diarrhea. Refuse the use of questionable foods and dishes, the staleness of which can be determined by the sight, smell or taste. I advise you to drink more water of high quality origin and refuse sugary soda and coffee. These drinks increase dehydration, irritate the stomach lining and disrupt digestion.
Also, be sure to cook raw meat, poultry, and seafood. Studies by Russian scientists have shown that heat treatment of food at a temperature of 70 C can make them safer for consumption. Most pathogenic microorganisms die under the influence of temperature.
The heart is beating, the speed is picking up …
Heat dilates blood vessels, lowering blood pressure. In such conditions, the heart begins to work with great zeal to normalize the work of the circulatory system. That is why people with high blood pressure (hypertensive patients) feel bad during the hot period, especially if they are under the sun for a long time. To this is added dehydration of the body, and with the loss of fluid, we lose potassium and magnesium, which are useful for the heart. Of course, the heart rate suffers (heart rate increases), the risk of blood clots increases (blood becomes thicker). For this reason, everyone needs to know
“Hot” diet or memo for the summer
that quenches your thirst.
Doctor-cardiologist of the ON Clinic Dnepr medical center Mikhail Luchinin says:
“In summer, the risk of developing pulmonary embolism, angina pectoris, heart attacks and strokes increases, especially in people who are overweight. Therefore, before the onset of the “hundred sweats” season, you need to undergo a preventive examination by a cardiologist. “
I will add that those who suffer from ischemic heart disease are forbidden to seek salvation in cold water (it provokes the appearance of spasms, angina pectoris).
I was bitten …
In summer, both nature and weather cannot leave us indifferent. Outings, hiking trips to the mountains, trips to the sea or to the country house can be remembered for a long time if we are bitten by a wasp, bee, bumblebee, mosquito or tick. Try to stay away from places where there are large concentrations of stinging insects, and if this cannot be avoided, regularly use insect repellents (sprays, ointments, creams).
Doctor-therapist of the highest category of the medical center “ON Clinic Odessa” Elena Koretskaya notes:
“After being bitten, it is important to identify the type of insect that struck. It depends on the correctness of first aid to the victim. Monitor the bite site and how you feel daily. If there is any deterioration, immediately contact your doctor (therapist, infectious disease specialist, pediatrician, dermatologist) ”.
Each person may have a different reaction of the body to a bite: some have only an inflammatory reaction (redness, swelling, abscess), while others have a toxic reaction (fever, chills, pain, nausea, itching, and sometimes even loss of consciousness).
If it’s a bite:
- bees, wasps, hornets, bumblebees – you need to remove the sting, apply cold, use antiallergic ointment;
- tick – examine the face and other parts of the body (armpits, the area under the knees, chest) for other bites, it is better to entrust the removal of the uninvited guest to the doctor (self-extraction can lead to the fact that part of the insect remains under the skin, which threatens inflammation, borreliosis);
- mosquito – the bitten place should be treated with antiallergic ointment, and if an allergy occurs, visit an allergist.
Often, sexual instincts on vacation prevail over caution: naked bodies, wet hair and slippery skin evoke desire, excite. Try to pay attention to the cleanliness of your body and the body of your partner, choose a safe place to have sex (hygiene to the maximum) and use condoms. Otherwise, upon returning home, you can bring not only pleasant memories, but also venereal diseases, diseases of the urinary tract, thrush and even cystitis. Heat and warm water, especially sea water, is an ideal breeding ground for pathogenic infections.
By the way, making love in a condom on the water will not protect you from unwanted pregnancy. A spokesman for Durex LiveScience said the condoms are not being tested in water. This suggests that no one can vouch for their effectiveness during sexual play in the pool, sea or jacuzzi.
Sex on the beach is also not the safest option. A study published by Oregon State University found that while summer is not a good time for bacterial infections, the number of serious infections caused by bacteria rises to 17% for every 10 degrees of seasonal temperature rise. At the same time, according to the results of a study published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology, it became clear that enterococci “live” on many beaches, which cause not only urinary tract infections, but also skin rashes.
About other dangers
In the summer, “ear” diseases (for example, otitis media) and various allergies grow. Do not swim in a dirty pond, avoid temperature extremes, drafts. If ears or skin are your weak points, get a personalized action plan from your allergist or otolaryngologist.
What “summer” illnesses are familiar to you?