Social networks are the subject of research for many scientists. There is still no consensus about what exactly social networks bring to a person: benefit or harm. According to the results of various studies, opinions are opposite.
According to one American study, the world of social networks can cause various physical and psychological consequences for users, in particular, a decrease in cognitive thinking (the development of thought processes: memory, perception, thinking). At the same time, social media isolates a person from society and can evoke thoughts of loneliness. An example of this is the frequent tracking of posts of friends and strangers. After such views, many users feel a sense of abandonment, deprivation and uselessness, observing the interesting and happy life of others.
But psychologists from Oxford and Hohenheim University have come to the conclusion that the very fact of using social networks has practically no effect on the level of satisfaction with the life of both adults and adolescents. In most cases, prolonged exposure to social media has even raised people’s welfare scores. The study lasted during 2009-2016, covered more than 12 thousand respondents and was published in the journal “PNAS”.
Social media & stress
In 2015, American scientists conducted a study and found that women are more likely than men to experience stress on social networks. The well-known Twitter has become the leader in stress.
Viktoria Karaban, a neuropathologist at the ON Clinic Kharkiv medical center, notes:
“Long-term stay of a person in a stressful state leads to problems with the nervous system: all sorts of neuroses and depression occur. Against the background of stress, insulin production decreases, carbohydrate metabolism is disrupted, which can even lead to diabetes.”
Stress provokes headaches, lowers immunity, and causes cardiovascular problems. And even against its background, insomnia can develop,
alcoholism and drug addiction. Due to stress, appearance also suffers: circles appear under the eyes, hair begins to fall out, and wrinkles may appear on the face.
Social & body
According to the reports “We Are Social” and “Hootsuite”, at the beginning of 2019, 3.48 billion users were registered in social networks in the world. Compared to 2018 data, their number increased by 9%. Most of them use social networks from mobile devices (approximately 3.26 billion people). On average, a person is online at least 6 hours a day. What does this mean?
For the most part, spending time on social networks takes place in an uncomfortable position and in a variety of places (in transport, at work, and even at home, while in the toilet!). As a result, we move less, which affects the musculoskeletal system and not only. In particular, the fewer movements, the higher the risk of excess weight and problems with the cardiovascular system (coronary heart disease, hypertension, atherosclerosis). Insufficient physical activity on the muscles leads to their atrophy, and uncomfortable postures will give
3 important rules for a healthy back
back problems, scoliosis and osteochondrosis.
Yekaterina Kutepova, a proctologist at the ON Clinic Kharkiv medical center, says:
“Hypodynamia or decreased mobility can lead to stagnation in the pelvic organs, provoke the appearance of hemorrhoids, anal fissures, colitis. If you sit for a long time, traveling on social networks, do not forget about the time and the need to periodically warm up. ”
Lifestyle & social media
Social media like Facebook can have a positive effect on people’s physical activity levels. Using the example of students, scientists from the University of Western Ontario have found that communication through social networks increases the motivation for active sports. Users strive for sports when they watch the daily feed of those who spend time with benefits for the body. This approach is a guarantee of health.
I’ll add, the same goes for nutrition, especially on Instagram. Here, most of the people who are fond of PP (proper nutrition). Their photos with a beautiful figure and mouth-watering menu captivate many users who subscribe to Instagram blogs about food and a healthy lifestyle (HLS). A balanced diet strengthens the immune system, improves the color and structure of the skin, and reduces cravings for fatty and sugary foods, fast food. The work of the gastrointestinal tract is also improving.
At the same time, constant presence on social networks can threaten physical activity and provoke problems with the digestive system. As a rule, immersed in virtual communication, people often forget to devote time to a full meal. As a snack, snacks, sweet soda, flour and confectionery products are used, and this is a direct path to gastritis, ulcers, and increased gas formation.
Social media & vision
Active use of social media contributes to visual impairment and can lead to cervical problems, especially if you “hang out” on social media at night. Scientists from Harvard Medical School concluded that blue screen light at night negatively affects the biological clock and increases eye pressure. Such a glow increases the risk of developing cancer, ophthalmological and cardiovascular diseases.
I want to note that in this case, social networks are indirectly associated with health problems. Indeed, the study deals with the use of gadgets. Although the user can get the same effect if he uses any other application in his smartphone, and not only those from which he logs into social networks.
Therapist of the ON Clinic Dnipro medical center Elizaveta Arabova recommends:
“Our health is in our hands. The rules of conduct with gadgets must be followed in the same way as the rules of hygiene. For social media, get a recommendation from your healthcare professional regarding the amount of time you can spend on the other side of the screen. Abuse disrupts a person’s life rhythm and, along with other factors, adversely affects health and mental balance. “
Is social media evil?
Many consider social networks to be a universal evil, stealing our time and attention, and sometimes our health. However, this is too bold a statement that does not have sufficient scientific justification. Being on social media is not recognized as addiction or disease. But you need to know when to stop. In fact, studies of the impact of social networks on a person do not give an exact answer to the question of what causes what: social networks lead to a problem or a problem leads us to social networks.
American sociologist Dean Ackles believes that such studies are extremely difficult to conduct. Because you can’t divide people into two categories: those who use social networks and those who don’t. Each study needs to consider people’s income, race, age, and education. And in each case it is impossible to come to a common denominator. Therefore, the results may be different.
The author of the book “iGen” American psychologist Jean Twenge concluded that social networks cause depressive symptoms in 0.36% of girls. However, some experts disagree with this conclusion. After all, for example, boys did not participate in the study.
American sociologist Sherri Turkle says that modern technologies are always with us and that what they carry is a part of us. If you want to fight addiction, you just have to give up what causes it. However, none of us is going to get rid of the smartphone or the Internet. I want to say that this opinion also impresses me, because the age of the stone jungle is long over. What mankind creates must be used correctly and wisely.
I will add that the same applies to the situation with children. Many parents forbid their children from using social media for various reasons. However, it seems to me that, on the contrary, it is necessary to teach children to use this opportunity correctly and not to the detriment of themselves and their health (mental, physical).
How much time do you spend on social media and how do they affect your life and health?
I’m waiting for your letters.